The challenge

In Denmark, the energy and utilities sector’s CO2e emissions have already been cut by 58 per cent from 32 million tonnes in 1990 to 13 million tonnes in 2019. This has been achieved through the deployment of renewable energy, including wind, bioenergy and solar, as well as energy efficient supply of heat and electricity.

The challenge towards 2030 is to secure enough renewable energy, phase out the remaining coal used for power stations and natural gas for district heating production...

In Denmark, the energy and utilities sector’s CO2e emissions have already been cut by 58 per cent from 32 million tonnes in 1990 to 13 million tonnes in 2019. This has been achieved through the deployment of renewable energy, including wind, bioenergy and solar, as well as energy efficient supply of heat and electricity.

The challenge towards 2030 is to secure enough renewable energy, phase out the remaining coal used for power stations and natural gas for district heating production, phasing out natural gas and oil in individual heating systems, carbon capture at large point sources, reduction of the use of plastics in waste-to-energy systems and reduction of the amount of natural gas used for energy production in the North Sea.

Furthermore, we must couple the large amounts of renewable energy from wind and solar to the sectors, which have not yet been decarbonised such as transport, agriculture, buildings and industry. Through a further expansion of the renewable energy capacity, electrification and Power-to-X technologies, the energy and utilities sector may be able to reduce its CO2e emissions to approximately 1 million tonnes by 2030.

The potential

Implementing the energy and utilities sector’s roadmap towards 2030 will entail a pervasive transformation of the way the sector supplies energy to the Danish society. In order to succeed, we need a collective and strategic approach to decision-making and the necessary resolve from policymakers and business executives.

Since 1990, the Danish energy and utilities sector has reduced its carbon emissions by 58 per cent, but there is potential for the sector to reduce carbon emissions by...

Implementing the energy and utilities sector’s roadmap towards 2030 will entail a pervasive transformation of the way the sector supplies energy to the Danish society. In order to succeed, we need a collective and strategic approach to decision-making and the necessary resolve from policymakers and business executives.

Since 1990, the Danish energy and utilities sector has reduced its carbon emissions by 58 per cent, but there is potential for the sector to reduce carbon emissions by more than 95 per cent towards 2030. Doing so will require a significant increase in green energy production to power the transformation adequately. Potential exists to build 40 GW of offshore energy, where 15 GW would be used to reach climate neutrality in Denmark and 25 GW could be exported, thus creating earnings of approximately EUR 4–5 million in exports annually.

Further, with the right efforts, Denmarhk could establish a considerable Power-to-X industry. If our large quantities of green power combined with early demand-side incentives and strong cooperation among relevant operators, Denmark can become a leading nation in this field.

Recommendations

01
95 per cent reduction in the energy and utilities sector
  • Phase natural gas out of the heating system by 2030 and cease the use of coal in heat/power generation asap
  • Introduce new regulations to support a transition to 100 per cent green energy
    in district heating
  • Include Carbon Capture Utilisation & Storage (CCUS) in Denmark’s national
    climate strategy
  • Expand offshore wind in the North Sea
02
50 per cent less fossil fuel for buildings, transport and industry
  • Introduce new vehicle taxation scheme to prioritise electric vehicles and phase out fossil fuel operated vehicles before 2030
  • All new public transport contracts must be fossil-free solutions
  • Phase out coal, oil and natural gas and transition to green alternatives
03
10 year roadmap for hydrogen fuels focusing on cooperation between government and industry
  • Develop a strategy and roadmap for Power-to-X
  • Allocate funds for industrial scale-up and appoint relevant locations for utilisation of, for example, waste heat
04
Target for an expansion of renewable energy ensuring sufficient capacity for a complete, green transformation
  • Design a roadmap for the expansion of renewable energy and transmission infrastructure – including energy islands that are connected to other countries
  • Increase biogas in the energy supply
05
Framework to upgrade Denmark’s energy infrastructure to support a complete, green transformation
  • Align economic regulations to enable an expansion of the distribution and transmission grids to meet future demand
  • Implement time-differentiated tariffs to balance demand
  • Convert existing gas infrastructure to be used for Power-to-X

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Cases

Taking a large chunk out of Denmark’s CO2 emissions with CCS

Carbon capture and storage can play a major role in meeting climate targets. A group of utilities in the Greater Copenhagen area have joined forces to capture and store three million tonnes of CO2 annually

The world’s biggest electrolyser and e-fuel facility

Danish companies are developing what will be one of the world’s largest electrolyser and e-fuel facilities in order to decarbonise the road, maritime, and aviation sectors

State of the art green hydrogen production

The H2RES project aims to show that electrolysis-based hydrogen production based on energy from offshore wind turbines can be used as an effective and valuable sectoral integration between the electricity grid and the transportation sector.

Powering over one million British households with green electricity

Hornsea 1 is the world’s biggest offshore wind farm with a capacity of 1.2GW. Once complete, the site will be the world’s first offshore wind farm to be able to generate over 1GW of green electricity – enough to power well over one million UK homes.

The world’s first dynamic green ammonia plant

To improve the business case and increase the attractiveness of green ammonia as a substitute for fossil fuels, dynamic, scalable and cost-optimized solutions are neeeded. A partnership of Danish industry leaders are currently working on one such landmark solution.

How green hydrogen will fuel mobility across Scandinavia

As part of their Scandinavian green fuelling strategy, Danish company Everfuel is targeting to roll out 19 strategically positioned fuelling sites for H2 zero emission transport throughout Denmark.

Wind to hydrogen production for the future

The Brande Hydrogen Project is pioneering a solution where a 3MW wind turbine is directly connected to an electrolyser without a grid connection.

Transmitting energy across borders

The offshore wind farm Kriegers Flak is revolutionary in its inclusion in the Kriegers Flak Combined Grid Solution (CGS). Devised and developed jointly by the Danish and Germany transmission system operators, the Kriegers Flak CGS cross links the national grids of Germany and Denmark.

Scaling hydrogen for a green future

The GreenHyScale project aims to pave the way for large scale deployment of electrolysis both onshore and offshore.

Where global wind giants come to test

Test Centre Østerild is the only place in the world with the capabilities to test next generation offshore wind turbines. In full operation, the test centre generates enough green electricity to power up to 70,000 households

Contact

Danish Energy

Marie Holm Thomsen
[email protected]

64%

The total demand for renewable energy is expected to grow by 64% to 125 TWh by 2030

95%

CO2e reduction by 2030

About the partnership

Chairman
Mads Nipper, CEO, Ørsted

Vice chairmen
Henrik Andersen, CEO, Vestas
Jens Rasmussen, CEO, Eurowind Energy
Jesper Hjulmand, Group CEO, Andel
Kim Grøn Knudsen, Group Vice President, Haldor Topsøe
Lars Therkildsen, CEO, HOFOR
Martin Rune Pedersen, Country Chair Denmark, TotalEnergies
Niels Duedahl, CEO, Norlys
Ole Hvelplund, CEO, Nature Energy
Thomas Egebo, CEO, Energinet

Private partners

  • Danish Energy
  • Confederation of Danish Industry
  • Danish Chamber of Commerce
  • Danish Waste Association
  • Danish District Heating Association
  • Free Energy Companies
  • Driving Force Denmark
  • Danish Agriculture & Food Council
  • Oil Gas Denmark
  • Wind Denmark
  • Danish Forest Association
  • Hydrogen Denmark
  • Danish Metalworkers’ Union

Public partners

  • Ministry of Climate, Energy and Utilities